Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of a kind neurodevelopmental disorder that begins in childhood and often continues in adulthood. It affects the person in such a way that he/she is unable to pay attention; can be hasty, negatively affecting his/her day-to-day functioning or development.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 10.2 percent children in the age group of five to 17 years were diagnosed with ADHD.
The causes of ADHD are many, with scientists mentioning genetics, brain injury, exposure to environmental factors, such as lead during pregnancy or at a young age, alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy, and low birth weight as some of the common factors. These can lead to conditions that are quite severe and demand immediate medical intervention.
According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), ADHD can occur in three different forms in various individuals due to factors such as genes, environment, etc. As part of a series elaborating various aspects of the disorder – Understanding ADHD – this article discusses three different types of the condition that can affect an individual and their symptoms.
Types of ADHD
- Inattention: An individual suffering from this condition finds it difficult to organize a task or pay attention to details. He/she is unable to follow any instructions and can get distracted easily. A few of the common symptoms of individuals with inattention are:
- Missing details and making careless mistakes in schoolwork, office tasks or any other activity.
- Inability to pay attention to a particular task.
- Ignoring the conversation when spoken to directly.
- Inability to follow through particular instructions.
- Mismanagement of a particular task.
- Disliking tasks that require sustained mental effort, such as schoolwork for kids and preparing reports for adults.
- Inability to keep necessary things at their appointed place.
- Easily getting distracted by unrelated thoughts.
- Hyperactivity-impulsivity: The affected person talks a lot and cannot sit in the same position for long. He/she is restless, impulsive and interrupts others a lot, even speaking at inappropriate times. Some common symptoms of individuals with this type of ADHD are:
- Fidgeting continuously in their seats.
- Moving from their seats when expected to remain seated, such as in the classroom.
- Running around or climbing even when it is inappropriate.
- Inability to quietly engage themselves in hobbies.
- Staying in constant motion or “on the go.”
- Talking continuously.
- Answering before a question has been completed or finishing others’ statements.
- Inability to wait for their turn.
- Combination type: If the combination type of ADHD is present in an individual, the same is reflected through a combination of symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity. Unlike the behavior of individuals who are more inclined towards hyperactivity ADHD, these individuals have phases when they prefer to sit quietly and do not interrupt others or talk excessively.
Road to recovery
It is important for an individual suffering from ADHD to visit an experienced psychologist, psychiatrist or a mental health expert who can diagnose the condition correctly.
If you or someone you know is dealing with ADHD or any other mental health condition, Sovereign Health can guide you through your road to recovery. You may call us at our 24/7 helpline number 866-973-7164 or chat online with one of our experts to find out about our residential mental health treatment programs in California. They can assist you with complete details about the mental health centers in California or elsewhere in the country.
Read the first article of the series “Understanding ADHD”: What causes attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder