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While there are major classes of mental illness such as those related to mood and anxiety, some particular disorders do not necessarily fit into a larger category. Examples of these different conditions include schizophrenia, self-injury, suicide ideation behavioral compulsions and addictions which can include substance abuse. Although these issues are not exactly similar to each other, each can be either life-threatening or seriously incapacitating and should be treated with the utmost care.
Schizophrenia lies on a wide spectrum of cases and severities and has some of the largest symptom variations, so much so that not one feature is a clear indication of the condition. However, schizophrenia is one of numerous psychotic disorders, which have generally consistent symptom categories. One of these key features, delusion, consists of fantastical beliefs that are not affected by conflicting factual evidence. The nature of these thoughts consists of a number of themes including persecutory, referential, somatic, religious and grandiose beliefs. Another common feature, hallucination, is unreal perceptions that occurs without a triggering event or cause. While these visions or sounds are fabricated, they are perceived both vividly and clearly, with the full force and impact of normal perceptions.
Disorganized thinking, also known as formal thought disorder, is another feature that is expressed through a person’s speech patterns. The individual may switch rapidly between topics, answer questions vaguely or incorrectly and in some cases even speak incoherently. Grossly disorganized or abnormal motor behavior may also appear and range from mild silliness to drastic difficulties performing daily life obligations. Catatonic behavior is shown by a lessened response or participation in one’s life, ranging from resistance to instructions to a complete lack of verbal and motor ability. Other signs include repeated stereotyped movements, staring, grimacing and the echoing of speech.
A relationship between psychological disorders and self-injury does exists, but in a variety of different ways. Self-injury, also known as self-mutilation, includes instances of injury which are meant to bring relief to the person injuring themselves but normally do not indicate suicidal tendencies. Self-injury is meant to provide the individual with emotional release by reaffirming their ability to feel or resolving an interpersonal difficulty. Self-injury can inflicted with a knife, razor the use of fire and other tools used for cutting, crushing, bruising, breaking bones or even causing infection. Self-injury can resemble a type of addiction and recovery is largely dependent on a person’s support system as the afflicted individual will be resistant to seek treatment, especially if they finds pleasure in the behavior.
The obsessive thought of death and suicide is heavily tied to anxiety, depression and other mental disorders. Suicidal thoughts and actions must be addressed seriously in their own right and within the soonest sign of onset. Under most circumstances, suicidal ideation is born from a peaking anger or sadness of one’s own life due to their relative dysfunctions. Additionally, physical pain from a disorder’s bodily symptoms or from withdrawing from a substance can be too much to bare and psychologically drive a person to drastic means in order to remedy their suffering.
It can be hard to identify preceding signs of suicide since the individual may not acknowledge their intent and may keep emotions tucked inside. However, there are certain warnings to keep an eye out for:
For those close to or in contact with a possible victim, one of the best methods of prevention for suicide is directly talking about suicide. If another person available to listen, immediate intervention may be made in order to bring the suffering individual back from the brink and away from such dangerous thoughts.
While having trouble controlling one’s impulses and behavior is indicative in many other disorder categories, particularly addictions and compulsions warrant special attention. The underlying causes of these problems with self-control can vary greatly and can also be expressed in general or specific ways. Behavioral compulsions and addictions can vary to include internet addiction, gambling addiction, social media addiction, problems with eating and more. Substance abuse can also be categorized as a behavioral addiction is many cases.
Behavioral addictions and compulsions are also associated with poor impulse control and are a response to a craving need to relieve internal tension. The activities which indicate behavioral compulsions and addictions disorders provide the opportunity for immediate reward. For example, gambling can quickly become a compulsive pursuit of financial gain. these compulsions and addictions are problematic because they interfere with the lives of individuals and their development of effective impulse-control mechanisms.
Substance use disorder is a condition which features a consistent cycle of craving, intoxication and withdrawal. The user’s chosen substances directly activate his or her internal reward system when consumed. These pathways are normally associated with the reinforcement of healthy behaviors and the production of memories. However, when a person begins to abuse this system excessively by an externally gratifying shortcut, he or she will eventually become accustomed to this level of gratification and will require more of the substance to achieve the same effect, an effect known as tolerance. This pattern leads to equally destructive thoughts, emotions and behaviors and may even lead to critical self-harm or overdose. Stable relationships and routines will be neglected or strained. Furthermore, substance abuse and addiction is also highly correlated with a coexisting disorder such as PTSD, bipolar or a type of depressive disorder.
Specialized treatment centers, such as Sovereign Health Group, conduct detailed, dual diagnosis screenings for coexisting disorders and guide clients through the process of recovery. If you or a loved one seek help or more information, please contact us at (866) 954-0529.
Sovereign Health Group is a residential rehabilitation treatment provider that has programs and services devoted to mental health conditions. To learn more about our continuum of care, speak with one of our expert treatment consultants and begin the journey to recovery today!
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