The transient phase of youth is marked by a series of ups and downs, which may have an unwanted effect on the mental health of the person. Adolescents can show signs of emotional distress during their growing years, with environment and hormonal changes playing a major role in it. However, timely intervention can go a long way in checking the upward trend in the number of mental health disorders among American youth.
The younger generation is found to be afflicted with a myriad of mental illnesses. The emotional disturbances that the youth face can cause turbulence in their lives. To spread the message that they can be powerful agents of positive change, the United Nations General Assembly observes August 12 as the International Youth Day.
To mark the International Youth Day 2016, here we list some common mental illnesses that have been affecting the American youth:
No single reason can be attributed to depressive behavior among the youth. The physical, social, and emotional changes one experiences during adolescence heighten the risk of depression. Today’s youth have unrealistic expectations from themselves. Even their parents have high expectations from them. All these create a sense of disappointment and distress among the youth, leading to depressive behavior.
While listing the types of mental disorders that affect the youth, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) estimated that approximately 3.7 percent American children aged between 8-15 years suffer from depression. Nearly 25 percent high school students are afflicted with the disorder during any given period.
It is quite normal to worry. But when anxiety makes people incessantly and extremely worried, putting them in a state of frenzy and constant panic, it is time to seek professional help. The onset of anxiety in young people may have its roots in genes, past history of mental disorders, psychological imbalance due to past incidents or current experience of abusive nature.
The common types of anxiety disorders in children and youth are separation anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and panic disorder.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
This common brain disorder, marked by inattention and hyperactive behavior, is more common than what was previously thought. Researches have indicated that the disorder affects more boys than girls. Though the symptoms of the disorder can appear at any stage of life, treatment at the initial stage helps a lot.
ADHD affects nearly 11 percent American children aged between 4-17 years, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Though ADHD affects youth of all races, religion, community, those with economically weaker backgrounds face a higher risk of suffering from the disorder.
The prevalence of bipolar disorder among American youth is rapidly rising with an increasing number of teenagers and young adults being diagnosed with this mental illness. Those suffering from the disorder often exhibit extreme shifts in mood and energy. Stages of marked depression and anxiety are often followed by episodes of high energy and overconfidence. The erratic mood swings make it difficult for the patient to function normally in his daily activities, often resulting in contemplations of suicide and self-harm.
Road to recovery
When the youth suffer from mental problems, it is not enough to implement treatment options that only alleviate the symptoms of psychological disorders. Complete remission from the illness can be achieved by adopting holistic treatment measures involving a host of medications and cognitive behavioral therapies.
Help is available for people suffering from any kind of mental illness. One just needs to reach out to the right source and help his or her loved ones lead a normal and fulfilling life. You may contact the Sovereign Mental Health Services and get instant help pertaining to any mental disorder. Call at our 24/7 helpline number 866-954-0529 or chat online with one of our experts to know about our various mental health facilities across the U.S.