Suicide Prevention Awareness Month: Young adults and the mentally ill prone to committing suicide, finds study

Suicide Prevention Awareness Month: Young adults and the mentally ill prone to committing suicide, finds study

The “National Suicide Prevention Awareness Month” is being observed across the country. A study published online in the journal JAMA Psychiatry in September 2017, stresses on the imminent need to ramp up efforts in alleviating suicidal tendencies in vulnerable communities. In the study titled “National Trends in Suicide Attempts Among Adults in the United States,” researchers have suggested the need to observe the prevailing suicide trends among young adults.

The researchers examined details of roughly 70,000 American adults collected and collated between 2004 and 2005 and from 2012 to 2013. The participants were required to respond to the same set of questions during both the periods. Evaluation of the data revealed a rise in suicide attempts from 0.62 percent in 2004-05 to 0.79 percent in 2012-13. In addition, the researchers observed a maximum number of suicide attempts among women and people aged under 50 years. Analysis of the numbers showed that over the study period, the risk of suicide attempts had gone up by 0.48 percent among young adults aged 21-34 years in contrast to 0.06 percent among those aged 65 years and above.

The risk of suicide attempts also went up from 0.49 percent for respondents having only a high school diploma as compared with 0.03 percent among those armed with a college degree. The possibility of attempting to end one’s life also rose to a greater degree among respondents afflicted with a personality disorder or those with a past of violent behavior, anxiousness or depressive disorder than in those sans any psychological disorders. Though the observations indicated high risk of suicides and suicide attempts among young adults and those with low education levels, the researchers could not provide any reasons for suicide deaths and attempts.

Lead author of the study Dr. Mark Olfson said, “We should be focusing on young adults from socially and economically disadvantaged backgrounds as well as the ones who made previous suicide attempts and have some common psychiatric disorders.” Olfson called for the need to divert adequate policies and immediate attention to these groups.

Given the current pervasiveness of suicide cases and attempted suicide rates, it is imperative that necessary action is taken by the government and associated agencies. In an editorial pursuant to the findings of the study, Dr. Eric Caine from the University of Rochester Medical Center in New York stressed, “Given the cumulative frequency of family, legal, and financial problems, it behooves us to look beyond the walls of our clinics and offices to engage vulnerable individuals and families in diverse settings such as courts and jails, social service agencies, and perhaps the streets long before they have become ‘suicidal.’”

Mental illnesses need medical intervention

The U.S. has been witnessing a significant increase in the suicide rates in recent years. The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention (AFSP) reports that over 44,000 Americans die by suicide every year. The 2016 report by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) revealed that 9.8 million people aged 18 years and above had seriously contemplated suicide in the previous year.

If you suspect that your loved one harbors suicidal tendencies, it is best to consult an expert for suicidal ideation disorder treatment in Los Angeles. Sovereign Health is a leading provider of mental health treatment services for both adults and adolescents. Call our 24/7 helpline 866-973-7164 or chat online with a trained specialist to know about our state-of-the-art suicidal ideation disorder treatment centers in Los Angeles offering holistic recovery programs.

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